Well, that depends on the person one asks but in terms of blood lipid levels there seems to be a difference in those who reside in urban compared to rural areas. In a study just published in the BMJ Global Health we systematically reviewed the literature on built-environment characteristics and blood lipid levels. A common built-environment characteristic focus of the 50 included studied was the difference between residence in urban and rural areas in low-income and middle-income countries. The meta-analysis including 36 studies and 133.966 participants showed higher total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, yet no difference in HDL cholesterol between urban and rural residence.
A big cheers to all the Upstream Team members around the world. On to new insights, collaborations, successes (small or big), and joy in -as well as outside- your work!
We thank all the members and others who are interested for their
engagement in the past year, and look forward to keep the team active.